Purpose: Although language sample analysis is widely recommended for assessing children's expressive language, few school-based speech-language pathologists routinely use it, citing a lack of time, resources, and training (pavelko, owens, ireland, & hahs-vaughn, 2016). The purpose of this clinical tutorial is (a) to describe options for language sample analysis using computer programs and (b) to demonstrate a process of using language sample analysis focused on the assessment of 2 preschool children as case studies.
Method: We provide an overview of collecting and analyzing child language samples and describe 3 programs for language sample analysis: 2 dedicated software programs (computerized language analysis [macwhinney, 2000] and systematic analysis of language transcripts [miller & iglesias, 2015]) and 1 protocol for using word processing software to analyze language samples (sampling utterances and grammatical analysis revised; pavelko & owens, 2017). We also present analysis results from each program for play-based language samples from 2 preschool children and detailed analysis of the samples with potential treatment goals.
Results: Each program offers different analyses, comparison databases, and sampling contexts. We present options for additional analysis, clinical interpretations, and potential treatment goals based on the 2 preschool cases.
Conclusion: Clinicians can use computer programs for language sample analysis as part of a process to make naturalistic language assessment more feasible.
Pezold, M. J.,* Imgrund, C., & Storkel, H. L. (2020). Using computer programs for language sample analysis with preschool children. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 51, 103-114. https://doi.org/10.1044/2019_LSHSS-18-0148