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dc.contributor.authorMartin, Aline
dc.contributor.authorDavid, Valentin
dc.contributor.authorLaurence, Jennifer S.
dc.contributor.authorSchwarz, Patricia M.
dc.contributor.authorLafer, Eileen M.
dc.contributor.authorHedge, Anne-Marie
dc.contributor.authorRowe, Peter S. N.
dc.identifier.citationMartin et al. "Degradation of MEPE, DMP1, and Release of SIBLING ASARM-Peptides (Minhibins): ASARM-Peptide(s) Are Directly Responsible for Defective Mineralization in HYP." Endocrinology, April 2008, 149(4):1757–1772.
dc.description.abstractMutations in PHEX (phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X chromosome) and DMP1 (dentin matrix protein 1) result in X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (HYP) and autosomal-recessive hypophosphatemic-rickets (ARHR), respectively. Specific binding of PHEX to matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE) regulates the release of small protease-resistant MEPE peptides [acidic serine- and aspartate-rich MEPE-associated motif (ASARM) peptides]. ASARM peptides are potent inhibitors of mineralization (minhibins) that also occur in DMP1 [MEPE-related small integrin-binding ligand, N-linked glycoprotein (SIBLING) protein]. It is not known whether these peptides are directly responsible for the mineralization defect. We therefore used a bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) coculture model, ASARM peptides, anti-ASARM antibodies, and a small synthetic PHEX peptide (SPR4; 4.2 kDa) to examine this. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and two-dimensional 1H/15N nuclear magnetic resonance demonstrated specific binding of SPR4 peptide to ASARM peptide. When cultured individually for 21 d, HYP BMSCs displayed reduced mineralization compared with wild type (WT) (−87%, P < 0.05). When cocultured, both HYP and WT cells failed to mineralize. However, cocultures (HYP and WT) or monocultures of HYP BMSCs treated with SPR4 peptide or anti-ASARM neutralizing antibodies mineralized normally. WT BMSCs treated with ASARM peptide also failed to mineralize properly without SPR4 peptide or anti-ASARM neutralizing antibodies. ASARM peptide treatment decreased PHEX mRNA and protein (−80%, P < 0.05) and SPR4 peptide cotreatment reversed this by binding ASARM peptide. SPR4 peptide also reversed ASARM peptide-mediated changes in expression of key osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation genes. Western blots of HYP calvariae and BMSCs revealed massive degradation of both MEPE and DMP1 protein compared with the WT. We conclude that degradation of MEPE and DMP-1 and release of ASARM peptides are chiefly responsible for the HYP mineralization defect and changes in osteoblast-osteoclast differentiation.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe acknowledge the very kind gift of pure sPHEX by Dr. Philippe Crine (Department of Biochemistry, University of Montreal, and Enobia Pharma). Also, we acknowledge the anti-DMP1 antibodies generously donated by Dr. Larry Fisher, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Bethesda, MD.

Address all correspondence and requests for reprints to: Peter S. N. Rowe, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, The Kidney Institute, MS 3018, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, Kansas 66160. E-mail:

We acknowledge the generous financial support from the National Institutes of Health to P.S.N.R. (RO-1 AR51598-01; National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases). Also, the SPR experiments were performed in the UTHSCSA Center for Macromolecular Interactions, which is supported by grants from the National Cancer Institute (CA54174) and UTHSCSA Executive Research Committee Research fund.
dc.publisherEndocrine Societyen_US
dc.titleDegradation of MEPE, DMP1, and Release of SIBLING ASARM-Peptides (Minhibins): ASARM-Peptide(s) Are Directly Responsible for Defective Mineralization in HYPen_US
kusw.kuauthorLaurence, Jennifer S.
kusw.kudepartmentDepartment of Pharmaceutical Chemistryen_US
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher version
kusw.oapolicyThis item does not meet KU Open Access policy criteria.

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