The Effect Of Nurse Characteristics On Satisfaction With Professionalism In The Work Environment
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PURPOSE AND BACKGROUND/SIGNIFICANCE: This study aims to investigates the relationship between RN characteristics and satisfaction with professionalism in the work environment and explore differences in RN satisfaction based on RN characteristics. Positive organizational culture and professionalism are two resources that can increase job retention. By examining the relationship between RN characteristics and organizational culture, we can understand which RN characteristics influence nurses’ satisfaction with professionalism in their work environment. THEORETICAL/CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK: Four aspects of professionalism, which have been identified through prior research, will be examined: autonomy, decision-making, professional status of nurses, and professional development opportunities. Previous research has also identified characteristics of nurses, which are related to differences in RN satisfaction and professionalism. The current study focuses on RN characteristics with previously identified relationships to RN satisfaction, including education, gender, certification, age, and tenure. METHOD: This descriptive study is a secondary-analysis, using correlation and General Linear Model methods to examine data from the 2013 National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI) RN satisfaction annual survey. The RN Job Satisfaction Scales are measured at the unit level, and one item from each scale is also measured at the individual RN level. Individual level responses by unit type were examined in relationship to RN characteristics. A sample of 42,515 RNs responded to all of the individual level items as well the RN characteristics in 2013. RESULTS: Using correlation methods to examine data, findings identified there is very little relationship between RN characteristics and increased satisfaction with professionalism in the work environment. General Linear Model methods were then used to determine if there were differences in RN satisfaction with professionalism in the work environment based on RN characteristics. These results were statistically significant but with very small effect sizes. The practical implications were not substantial. CONCLUSIONS: Organizations seeking to increase RN satisfaction and improve patient outcomes should be aware of the RN characteristics that are correlated with RN satisfaction, specifically as they relate to professionalism in the work environment. These results provide valuable information to healthcare organizations seeking to increase RN satisfaction and improve patient outcomes.
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