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dc.contributor.advisorHanley, Eric
dc.contributor.authorAzam, Nadia
dc.description.abstractAbstract This research analyzes beggary as an organized crime, or beggarization, in Pakistan, focusing on economic, religious, and political trends enabling the growth of this lucrative industry. Economic factors include the economic viability of beggary as organized crime, inequalities, inflation, and a lack of viable economic alternatives. Religious factors such as zakat and madrassas serve to socially and financially legitimize beggary. Criminal networks thrive under adverse political conditions including government weakness and corruption. Demographic pressures include urbanization, refugee and internally displaced populations, population growth, and a high youth population.
dc.format.extent79 pages
dc.publisherUniversity of Kansas
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and unless otherwise specified the copyright of this thesis/dissertation is held by the author.
dc.subjectInternational relations
dc.subjectCriminal begging organization
dc.subjectEconomic viability
dc.subjectOrganized crime
dc.titleBeggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan
dc.contributor.cmtememberWert, Hal
dc.contributor.cmtememberBudd, Darlene
dc.thesis.degreeDisciplineGlobal and International Studies, Center for
kusw.oapolicyThis item does not meet KU Open Access policy criteria.

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