Abstract This research analyzes beggary as an organized crime, or beggarization, in Pakistan, focusing on economic, religious, and political trends enabling the growth of this lucrative industry. Economic factors include the economic viability of beggary as organized crime, inequalities, inflation, and a lack of viable economic alternatives. Religious factors such as zakat and madrassas serve to socially and financially legitimize beggary. Criminal networks thrive under adverse political conditions including government weakness and corruption. Demographic pressures include urbanization, refugee and internally displaced populations, population growth, and a high youth population.
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