Incisions on the frontal of the Krapina 3 cranium differ from other cut
marks from the site. Thirty-five, mostly parallel marks course up the frontal
from right of the midline, just posterior to the supraorbitale point to left of
the midline, slightly anterior to bregma. They are angled mostly perpendicular
to the midsagittal plane, averaging 5.2 mm in length and are on average
1.2 mm apart. The marks' characteristics are not consistent with scalping,
cannibalism, defleshing or other perimortem activities described for
Neandertals or modern groups. These marks represent a type of funereal behavior
yet to be documented in Neandertals and suggest a kind of ritual
treatment of the deceased.
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