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dc.contributor.advisorPye, Clifton
dc.contributor.authorAryawibawa, I. Nyoman
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-25T21:53:34Z
dc.date.available2010-07-25T21:53:34Z
dc.date.issued2010-02-04
dc.date.submitted2010
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dissertations.umi.com/ku:10743
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1808/6408
dc.description.abstractMany scholars have proposed concepts relevant to spatial reference. Herskovits (1982) proposed that the topological concepts support, contiguity and containment are basic in English, while Levinson et al.'s (2003) examination of nine unrelated languages revealed that the concept attachment is primary. Neither of these proposals is confirmed in Rongga, Balinese, and Indonesian. My empirical and experimental investigation of these languages showed that the concept expectedness governs the use of topological prepositions in the languages. Non-topologically, it has long been claimed that a relative frame of reference is universal. This claim is also not confirmed in this study. My non-topological relation study reveals that Rongga and Balinese use a landmark system, while Indonesian practices a relative system. The Balinese landmark system changes to an absolute system when speakers leave the island. In short, this study reveals that previous proposals on the concepts relevant to spatial reference are not universally supported.
dc.format.extent268 pages
dc.language.isoEN
dc.publisherUniversity of Kansas
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and unless otherwise specified the copyright of this thesis/dissertation is held by the author.
dc.subjectLanguage, linguistics
dc.subjectAbsolute system
dc.subjectExpected relations
dc.subjectNon-topological relations
dc.subjectRelative system
dc.subjectTopological relations
dc.subjectUnexpected relations
dc.subjectRonga language
dc.subjectBalinese language
dc.titleSpatial Reference in Rongga (ISO 639-3: ror), Balinese (ISO 639-3: ban), and Indonesian (ISO 639-3: ind)
dc.typeDissertation
dc.contributor.cmtememberTorrence, Harold
dc.contributor.cmtememberFiorentino, Robert
dc.contributor.cmtememberKemper, Susan
dc.contributor.cmtememberDwyer, Arienne M.
dc.thesis.degreeDisciplineLinguistics
dc.thesis.degreeLevelPh.D.
kusw.oastatusna
kusw.oapolicyThis item does not meet KU Open Access policy criteria.
dc.rights.accessrightsopenAccess


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