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dc.contributor.authorChien, Yu-Fu
dc.contributor.authorYang, Xiao
dc.contributor.authorFiorentino, Robert
dc.contributor.authorSereno, Joan A.
dc.identifier.citationChien, Y. F., Yang, X., Fiorentino, R., & Sereno, J. A. (2020). The Role of Surface and Underlying Forms When Processing Tonal Alternations in Mandarin Chinese: A Mismatch Negativity Study. Frontiers in psychology, 11, 646.
dc.descriptionThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.en_US
dc.description.abstractPhonological alternation (sound change depending on the phonological environment) poses challenges to spoken word recognition models. Mandarin Chinese T3 sandhi is such a phenomenon in which a tone 3 (T3) changes into a tone 2 (T2) when followed by another T3. In a mismatch negativity (MMN) study examining Mandarin Chinese T3 sandhi, participants passively listened to either a T2 word [tʂu2 je4] /tʂu2 je4/, a T3 word [tʂu3 je4] /tʂu3 je4/, a sandhi word [tʂu2 jen3] /tʂu3 jen3/, or a mix of T3 and sandhi word standards. The deviant in each condition was a T2 word [tʂu2]. Results showed an MMN only in the T2 and T3 conditions but not in the Sandhi or Mix conditions. All conditions also yielded omission MMNs. This pattern cannot be explained based on the surface forms of standards and deviants; rather these data suggest an underspecified or underlying T3 stored linguistic representation used in spoken word processing.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.rights© 2020 Chien, Yang, Fiorentino and Sereno.en_US
dc.subjectEvent-related potentialsen_US
dc.subjectMismatch negativityen_US
dc.subjectTone 3 sandhien_US
dc.subjectPhonological alternationen_US
dc.subjectMandarin Chineseen_US
dc.subjectSpoken word recognitionen_US
dc.subjectLexical representationen_US
dc.titleThe Role of Surface and Underlying Forms When Processing Tonal Alternations in Mandarin Chinese: A Mismatch Negativity Studyen_US
kusw.kuauthorYang, Xiao
kusw.kuauthorFiorentino, Robert
kusw.kuauthorSereno, Joan A.
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher versionen_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US

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© 2020 Chien, Yang, Fiorentino and Sereno.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as: © 2020 Chien, Yang, Fiorentino and Sereno.