|I examined the diets of 867 anurans of 58 species from Cuzco Amaz6nico, Peru. A total
of 6393 prey items in 62 prey categories was identified from the 610 anurans (70%) with prey in their
gastrointestinal tracts-4316 (77%) from the stomach, 2077 from the intestines. Anuran species differ
greatly in average number of prey per individual and the relative size of prey consumed. Bufonids,
microhylids, and dendrobatids eat large numbers of relatively small prey (a high percentage of ants).
Most hylids eat a few large prey, and leptodactylids are intermediate in number and size of prey eaten.
Larger hylid species eat primarily orthopterans, roaches, and moths, whereas smaller hylids eat primarily
spiders, beetles, and larvae. Most leptodactylids have large niche breadths and eat a great
diversity of prey. Beetles, orthopterans, and millipedes are important prey items volumetrically, and
ants and beetles are most important numerically. Most morphological variation (corrected for size)
among species (71 % ) was accounted for by two principal component axes and seems to be associated
with phylogeny, and to a lesser extent, diet. The two hylids that differ most from other members of
their family, Sphaenorhynchus lacteus (differs in diet), and Phyllomedusa atelopoides (differs in microhabitat
and diet) differ in morphology as well. Microhylids and dendrobatids have narrower heads and
shorter jaws than hylids or leptodactylids. Maximum, and to a lesser extent, minimum prey size is
correlated with frog size, but different families exhibit different relationships. Head shape is important
in the number and size of prey consumed regardless of overall size; anurans with narrower heads
and shorter jaws eat more, and smaller prey items. Most diet overlaps are low and terrestrial species
have lower diet overlap values than arboreal species. The anurans exhibit guild structure in their diet.
The terrestrial species are distributed in two distinctive feeding guilds-an ant/termite guild and a
larger-prey guild. The arboreal community has only one ant specialist; many of the other species of
hylids do not include ants in their diets.