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  • Climatic refugia and reduced extinction correlate with underdispersion in mammals and birds in Africa 

    Cooper, Jacob C.; Crouch, Nicholas M. A.; Ferguson, Adam W.; Bates, John M. (Wiley Open Access, 2022-03-23)
    Macroevolutionary patterns, often inferred from metrics of community relatedness, are often used to ascertain major evolutionary processes shaping communities. These patterns have been shown to be informative of biogeographic ...
  • Seasonal calibration of the end-cretaceous Chicxulub impact event 

    DePalma, Robert A.; Oleinik, Anton A.; Gurche, Loren P.; Burnham, David A.; Klingler, Jeremy J.; McKinney, Curtis J.; Cichocki, Frederick P.; Larson, Peter L.; Egerton, Victoria M.; Wogelius, Roy A.; Edwards, Nicholas P.; Bergmann, Uwe; Manning, Phillip L. (Nature Research, 2021-12-08)
    The end-Cretaceous Chicxulub impact triggered Earth’s last mass-extinction, extinguishing ~ 75% of species diversity and facilitating a global ecological shift to mammal-dominated biomes. Temporal details of the impact ...
  • The origins and spread of domestic horses from the Western Eurasian steppes 

    Olsen, Sandra (Nature Research, 2021-10-20)
    Domestication of horses fundamentally transformed long-range mobility and warfare1. However, modern domesticated breeds do not descend from the earliest domestic horse lineage associated with archaeological evidence of ...
  • Quantitative methods demonstrate that environment alone is an insufficient predictor of present-day language distributions in New Guinea 

    Antunes, Nicolas; Schiefenhövel, Wulf; d’Errico, Francesco; Banks, William E.; Vanhaeren, Marian (Public Library of Science, 2020-10-07)
    Environmental parameters constrain the distributions of plant and animal species. A key question is to what extent does environment influence human behavior. Decreasing linguistic diversity from the equator towards the ...
  • Leveraging natural history biorepositories as a global, decentralized, pathogen surveillance network 

    Colella, Jocelyn P.; Bates, John; Burneo, Santiago F.; Camacho, M. Alejandra; Bonilla, Carlos Carrion; Constable, Isabel; D’Elía, Guillermo; Dunnum, Jonathan L.; Greiman, Stephen; Hoberg, Eric P.; Lessa, Enrique; Liphardt, Schuyler W.; Londoño-Gaviria, Manuela; Losos, Elizabeth; Lutz, Holly L.; Garza, Nicté Ordóñez; Peterson, A. Townsend; Martin, María Laura; Ribas, Camila C.; Struminger, Bruce; Torres-Pérez, Fernando; Thompson, Cody W.; Weksler, Marcelo; Cook, Joseph A. (Public Library of Science, 2021-06-03)
    The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic reveals a major gap in global biosecurity infrastructure: a lack of publicly available biological samples representative across space, time, and ...
  • Phylogenomics Reveals Ancient Gene Tree Discordance in the Amphibian Tree of Life 

    Hime, Paul M.; Lemmon, Alan R.; Lemmon, Emily C. Moriarty; Prendini, Elizabeth; Brown, Jeremy M.; Thomson, Robert C.; Kratovil, Justin D.; Noonan, Brice P.; Pyron, R. Alexander; Peloso, Pedro L. V.; Kortyna, Michelle L.; Keogh, J. Scott; Donnellan, Stephen C.; Mueller, Rachel Lockridge; Raxworthy, Christopher J.; Kunte, Krushnamegh; Ron, Santiago R.; Das, Sandeep; Gaitonde, Nikhil; Green, David M.; Labisko, Jim; Che, Jing; Weisrock, David W. (Oxford University Press, 2020-06-20)
    Molecular phylogenies have yielded strong support for many parts of the amphibian Tree of Life, but poor support for the resolution of deeper nodes, including relationships among families and orders. To clarify these ...
  • Evidence of two deeply divergent co-existing mitochondrial genomes in the Tuatara reveals an extremely complex genomic organization 

    Macey, J. Robert; Pabinger, Stephan; Barbieri, Charles G.; Buring, Ella S.; Gonzalez, Vanessa L.; Mulcahy, Daniel G.; DeMeo, Dustin P.; Urban, Lara; Hime, Paul M.; Prost, Stefan; Elliott, Aaron N.; Gemmell, Neil J. (Nature Research, 2021-01-29)
    Animal mitochondrial genomic polymorphism occurs as low-level mitochondrial heteroplasmy and deeply divergent co-existing molecules. The latter is rare, known only in bivalvian mollusks. Here we show two deeply divergent ...
  • An ecological niche shift for Neanderthal populations in Western Europe 70,000 years ago 

    Banks, William E.; Moncel, Marie-Hélène; Raynal, Jean-Paul; Cobos, Marlon E.; Romero-Alvarez, Daniel; Woillez, Marie-Noëlle; Faivre, Jean-Philippe; Gravina, Brad; d’Errico, Francesco; Locht, Jean-Luc; Santos, Frédéric (Nature Research, 2021-03-05)
    Middle Paleolithic Neanderthal populations occupied Eurasia for at least 250,000 years prior to the arrival of anatomically modern humans. While a considerable body of archaeological research has focused on Neanderthal ...
  • The mid-Miocene Zhangpu biota reveals an outstandingly rich rainforest biome in East Asia 

    Wang, Bo; Shi, Gongle; Xu, Chunpeng; Spicer, Robert A.; Perrichot, Vincent; Schmidt, Alexander R.; Feldberg, Kathrin; Heinrichs, Jochen; Chény, Cédric; Pang, Hong; Liu, Xingyue; Gao, Taiping; Wang, Zixi; Ślipiński, Adam; Solórzano-Kraemer, Mónica M.; Heads, Sam W.; Thomas, M. Jared; Sadowski, Eva-Maria; Szwedo, Jacek; Azar, Dany; Nel, André; Liu, Ye; Chen, Jun; Zhang, Qi; Zhang, Qingqing; Luo, Cihang; Yu, Tingting; Zheng, Daran; Zhang, Haichun; Engel, Michael S. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2021-04-30)
    During the Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum [MMCO, ~14 to 17 million years (Ma) ago], global temperatures were similar to predicted temperatures for the coming century. Limited megathermal paleoclimatic and fossil data are ...
  • Adapting for the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador, a characterization of hospital strategies and patients 

    Garzon-Chavez, Daniel; Romero-Alvarez, Daniel; Bonifaz, Marco; Gaviria, Juan; Mero, Daniel; Gunsha, Narcisa; Perez, Asiris; Garcia, María; Espejo, Hugo; Espinosa, Franklin; Ligña, Edison; Espinel, Mauricio; Quentin, Emmanuelle; Teran, Enrique; Mora, Francisco; Reyes, Jorge (Public Library of Science, 2021-05-17)
    The World Health Organization (WHO) declared coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) a global pandemic on 11 March 2020. In Ecuador, the first case of COVID-19 was recorded on 29 February 2020. Despite efforts to control its ...
  • Limited Evidence for Parallel Evolution Among Desert-Adapted Peromyscus Deer Mice 

    Colella, Jocelyn P.; Tigano, Anna; Dudchenko, Olga; Omer, Arina D.; Khan, Ruqayya; Bochkov, Ivan D.; Aiden, Erez L.; MacManes, Matthew D. (Oxford University Press, 2021-03-04)
    Warming climate and increasing desertification urge the identification of genes involved in heat and dehydration tolerance to better inform and target biodiversity conservation efforts. Comparisons among extant desert-adapted ...
  • Cenozoic evolution of the steppe-desert biome in Central Asia 

    Barbolini, N.; Woutersen, A.; Dupont-Nivet, G.; Silvestro, D.; Tardif, D.; Coster, P. M. C.; Meijer, N.; Chang, C.; Zhang, H.-X.; Licht, A.; Rydin, C.; Koutsodendris, A.; Han, F.; Rohrmann, A.; Liu, X.-J.; Zhang, Y.; Donnadieu, Y.; Fluteau, F.; Ladant, J.-B.; Le Hir, G.; Hoorn, C. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2020-10-09)
    The origins and development of the arid and highly seasonal steppe-desert biome in Central Asia, the largest of its kind in the world, remain largely unconstrained by existing records. It is unclear how Cenozoic climatic, ...
  • Cycle Threshold Values in the Context of Multiple RT-PCR Testing for SARS-CoV-2 

    Romero-Alvarez, Daniel; Garzon-Chavez, Daniel; Espinosa, Franklin; Ligña, Edison; Teran, Enrique; Mora, Francisco; Espin, Emilia; Albán, Cristina; Galarza, Juan Miguel; Reyes, Jorge (Dove Medical Press, 2021-03-29)
    Purpose: Discharge or follow up of confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases depend on accurate interpretation of RT-PCR. Currently, positive/negative interpretations are based on amplification instead of ...
  • Transcriptomic Analysis of Skin Color in Anole Lizards 

    de Mello, Pietro Longo Hollanda; Hime, Paul M.; Glor, Richard E. (Oxford University Press, 2021-05-14)
    Color and color pattern are critical for animal camouflage, reproduction, and defense. Few studies, however, have attempted to identify candidate genes for color and color pattern in squamate reptiles, a colorful group ...
  • Phylogenetic relationships, origin and historical biogeography of the genus Sprattus (Clupeiformes: Clupeidae) 

    Canales-Aguirre, Cristian B.; Ritchie, Peter A.; Hernández, Sebastián; Herrera-Yañez, Victoria; Fuentes, Sandra Ferrada; Oyarzún, Fernanda X.; Hernández, Cristián E.; Galleguillos, Ricardo; Arratia, Gloria (PeerJ, 2021-08-18)
    The genus Sprattus comprises five species of marine pelagic fishes distributed worldwide in antitropical, temperate waters. Their distribution suggests an ancient origin during a cold period of the earth’s history. In this ...
  • Likely Geographic Distributional Shifts among Medically Important Tick Species and Tick-Associated Diseases under Climate Change in North America: A Review 

    Alkishe, Abdelghafar; Raghavan, Ram K.; Peterson, Andrew T. (MDPI, 2021-03-05)
    Ticks rank high among arthropod vectors in terms of numbers of infectious agents that they transmit to humans, including Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Colorado tick fever, human monocytic ehrlichiosis, ...
  • Rivers, not refugia, drove diversification in arboreal, sub-Saharan African snakes 

    Allen, Kaitlin E.; Greenbaum, Eli; Hime, Paul M.; Tapondjou N., Walter P.; Sterkhova, Viktoria V.; Kusamba, Chifundera; Rödel, Mark-Oliver; Penner, Johannes; Peterson, A. Townsend; Brown, Rafe M. (Wiley Open Access, 2021-05-01)
    The relative roles of rivers versus refugia in shaping the high levels of species diversity in tropical rainforests have been widely debated for decades. Only recently has it become possible to take an integrative approach ...
  • Collision Chronology Along the İzmir‐Ankara‐Erzincan Suture Zone: Insights From the Sarıcakaya Basin, Western Anatolia 

    Mueller, M. A.; Licht, A.; Campbell, C.; Ocakoğlu, F.; Taylor, Michael Halford; Burch, L.; Ugrai, T.; Kaya, M.; Kurtoğlu, B.; Coster, P. M. C.; Métais, G.; Beard, K. C. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-09-10)
    Debate persists concerning the timing and geodynamics of intercontinental collision, style of syncollisional deformation, and development of topography and fold‐and‐thrust belts along the >1,700‐km‐long İzmir‐Ankara‐Erzincan ...
  • A revised definition for copal and its significance for palaeontological and Anthropocene biodiversity-loss studies 

    Solórzano-Kraemer, Mónica M.; Delclòs, Xavier; Engel, Michael S.; Peñalver, Enrique (Nature Research, 2020-11-16)
    The early fossilization steps of natural resins and associated terminology are a subject of constant debate. Copal and resin are archives of palaeontological and historical information, and their study is critical to the ...
  • A symmoriiform from the Late Devonian of Morocco demonstrates a derived jaw function in ancient chondrichthyans 

    Frey, Linda; Coates, Michael I.; Tietjen, Kristen; Rücklin, Martin; Klug, Christian (Nature Research, 2020-11-17)
    The Palaeozoic record of chondrichthyans (sharks, rays, chimaeras, extinct relatives) and thus our knowledge of their anatomy and functional morphology is poor because of their predominantly cartilaginous skeletons. Here, ...

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