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dc.contributor.authorMotoyama, Yasuyuki
dc.contributor.authorMalizia, Emil
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-31T16:53:09Z
dc.date.available2018-01-31T16:53:09Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationMotoyama, Y., & Malizia, E. (2017). Demand pull or supply push? Metro-level analysis of start-ups in the United States. Regional Studies, Regional Science, 4(1), 232-246.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1808/25851
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines factors related to higher regional start-up activity. Two hypotheses are formulated to explain start-ups: the demand-pull hypothesis argues that the amount, growth and density of aggregate demand will stimulate start-ups in any sectors; and the supply-push hypothesis argues that factors including high-tech industry concentrations, patent generation, industrial and university research activities, and government funding will stimulate high-tech start-ups. Both hypotheses support the importance of human capital factors, such as a highly educated or skilled workforce and thick labour markets. The paper incorporates these various measures and employs cross-sectional multivariate analysis of start-up rates in all sectors and in high-tech sectors in 366 metropolitan areas as defined by the US Census Bureau in 2009. Overall, very strong support is found for the demand-pull hypothesis, but only modest support for the supply-push hypothesis, which provide substantial caveats for public policy to promote start-up activities.en_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.rights© 2017 The Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectEntrepreneurshipen_US
dc.subjectRegional developmenten_US
dc.subjectInnovationen_US
dc.subjectKnowledge spilloveren_US
dc.titleDemand pull or supply push? Metro-level analysis of start-ups in the United Statesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
kusw.kuauthorMotoyama, Yasuyuki
kusw.kudepartmentGeography & Atmospheric Scienceen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/21681376.2017.1379885en_US
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher versionen_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US
dc.rights.accessrightsopenAccessen_US


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© 2017 The Author(s).  This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as: © 2017 The Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.