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  • Demand pull or supply push? Metro-level analysis of start-ups in the United States 

    Motoyama, Yasuyuki; Malizia, Emil (Taylor & Francis, 2017)
    This paper examines factors related to higher regional start-up activity. Two hypotheses are formulated to explain start-ups: the demand-pull hypothesis argues that the amount, growth and density of aggregate demand will ...
  • The Time Scales of Variability of Marine Low Clouds 

    de Szoeke, Simon P.; Verlinden, Kathryn L.; Yuter, Sandra E.; Mechem, David B. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-09-15)
    Multidecade global regressions of inversion strength, vertical velocity, and sea surface temperature (SST) on low cloud amount, from subdaily to multiyear time scales, refute the dominance of seasonal inversion strength ...
  • Life Cycle Characteristics of Warm-Season Severe Thunderstorms in Central United States from 2010 to 2014 

    Liu, Weibo; Li, Xingong (MDPI, 2016-09-08)
    Weather monitoring systems, such as Doppler radars, collect a high volume of measurements with fine spatial and temporal resolutions that provide opportunities to study many convective weather events. This study examines ...
  • Impact of Sensor Zenith Angle on MOD10A1 Data Reliability and Modification of Snow Cover Data for the Tarim River Basin 

    Li, Haixing; Li, Xingong; Xiao, Pengfeng (MDPI, 2016)
    Snow in the mountainous watersheds of the Tarim River Basin is the primary source of water for western China. The Snow Cover Daily L3 Global 500-m Grid (MOD10A1) remote sensing dataset has proven extremely valuable for ...
  • Aircraft Measurements and Numerical Simulations of an Expansion Fan off the California Coast 

    Parish, Thomas R.; Rahn, David A.; Leon, David C. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-09-12)
    Mountains along the California coastline play a critical role in the dynamics of marine atmospheric boundary layer (MBL) airflow in the vicinity of the shoreline. Large changes in the MBL topology have been known to occur ...
  • Use of MODIS Sensor Images Combined with Reanalysis Products to Retrieve Net Radiation in Amazonia 

    Oliveira, Gabriel de; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Moraes, Elisabete C.; Bertani, Gabriel; dos Santos, Thiago V.; Shimabukuro, Yosio E.; Aragao, Luiz E. O. C. (MDPI, 2016-07-16)
    In the Amazon region, the estimation of radiation fluxes through remote sensing techniques is hindered by the lack of ground measurements required as input in the models, as well as the difficulty to obtain cloud-free ...
  • Warm spring reduced carbon cycle impact of the 2012 US summer drought 

    Wolf, Sebastian; Keenan, Trevor F.; Fisher, Joshua B.; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Desai, Ankur R.; Richardson, Andrew D.; Scott, Russell L.; Law, Beverly E.; Litvak, M. E.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Peters, Wouter; van der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid T. (National Academy of Sciences, 2016-05-24)
    The global terrestrial carbon sink offsets one-third of the world’s fossil fuel emissions, but the strength of this sink is highly sensitive to large-scale extreme events. In 2012, the contiguous United States experienced ...
  • The sensitivity of carbon exchanges in Great Plains grasslands to precipitation variability 

    Petrie, Matthew D.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Vargas, R.; Collins, S. L.; Flanagan, L. B.; Hanan, N. P.; Litvak, M.; Suyker, A. E. (American Geophysical Union, 2016-02-02)
    In the Great Plains, grassland carbon dynamics differ across broad gradients of precipitation and temperature, yet finer-scale variation in these variables may also affect grassland processes. Despite the importance of ...
  • Glaciological and marine geological controls on terminus dynamics of Hubbard Glacier, southeast Alaska 

    Stearns, Leigh; Hamilton, G. S.; van der Veen, Cornelis J.; Finnegan, D. C.; O'Neel, S.; Scheick, J. B.; Lawson, D. E. (American Geophysical Union, 2015-06-25)
    Hubbard Glacier, located in southeast Alaska, is the world's largest nonpolar tidewater glacier. It has been steadily advancing since it was first mapped in 1895; occasionally, the advance creates an ice or sediment dam ...
  • Land Change Regimes and the Evolution of the Maize-Cattle Complex in Neoliberal Mexico 

    Galvan-Miyoshi, Yankuic; Walker, Robert; Warf, Barney L. (MDPI, 2015-08-21)
    How globalization impacts native land cover has become an important issue in studies addressing environmental change, which draw explicit attention to processes of cause and effect operating over significant distances. The ...
  • Landscape heterogeneity drives contrasting concentration–discharge relationships in shale headwater catchments 

    Herndon, E. M.; Dere, A. L.; Sullivan, Pamela; Norris, D.; Rynolds, B.; Brantley, S. L. (Published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union (EGU)., 2015-08-03)
    Solute concentrations in stream water vary with discharge in patterns that record complex feedbacks between hydrologic and biogeochemical processes. In a comparison of three shale-underlain headwater catchments located in ...
  • Two methods for estimating limits to large-scale wind power generation 

    Miller, Lee M.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Mechem, David B.; Gans, Fabian; Monaghan, Andrew J.; Vautard, Robert; Keith, David W.; Kleidon, Axel (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2015-06-25)
    Wind turbines remove kinetic energy from the atmospheric flow, which reduces wind speeds and limits generation rates of large wind farms. These interactions can be approximated using a vertical kinetic energy (VKE) flux ...
  • Clouds, Aerosols, and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer: An Arm Mobile Facility Deployment 

    Wood, Robert; Wyant, Matthew; Bretherton, Christopher S.; Remillard, Jasmine; Kollias, Pavlos; Fletcher, Jennifer; Stemmler, Jayson; de Szoeke, Simone; Yuter, Sandra; Miller, Matthew; Mechem, David B.; Tselioudis, George; Chiu, J. Christine; Mann, Julian A. L.; O'Connor, Ewan J.; Hogan, Robin J.; Dong, Xiquan; Miller, Mark; Ghate, Virendra; Jefferson, Anne; Min, Qilong; Minnis, Patrick; Palikonda, Rabindra; Albrecht, Bruce; Luke, Ed; Hannay, Cecile; Lin, Yanluan (American Meteorological Society, 2015-04-28)
    The Clouds, Aerosol, and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) deployment at Graciosa Island in the Azores generated a 21-month (April 2009–December 2010) comprehensive dataset documenting clouds, aerosols, ...
  • Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Snow Cover in the Tizinafu Watershed of the Western Kunlun Mountains 

    She, Jiangfeng; Zhang, Yufang; Li, Xingong; Feng, Xuezhi (MDPI, 2015-03-24)
    The Tizinafu watershed has a complex mountainous terrain in the western Kunlun Mountains; little study has been done on the spatial and temporal characteristics of snow cover in the region. Daily snow cover data of 10 ...
  • Sheet, stream and shelf flow as progressice ice-bed uncoupling: Byrd Glacier, Antarctica and Jakobshavn Isbrae, Greenland 

    Hughes, T.; Sargent, A.; Fastook, J.; Li, J.; Yan, J.-B.; Gogineni, Sivaprasad (European Geosciences Union, 2016-01-21)
    The first-order control of ice thickness and height above sea level is linked to the decreasing strength of ice-bed coupling along flowlines from an interior ice divide to the calving front of an ice shelf. Uncoupling ...
  • Viability of karezes (ancient water supply systems in Afghanistan) in a changing world 

    Macpherson, G.L.; Johnson, W. C.; Liu, Huan (SpringerOpen, 2015-09-09)
    The Afghanistan population living far from rivers relies upon groundwater delivered from karezes (sub-horizontal tunnels). Karezes exploit unconfined groundwater in alluvial fans recharged largely by snowmelt from the Hindu ...
  • Investigation of Urban Air Temperature and Humidity Patterns during Extreme Heat Conditions Using Satellite-Derived Data 

    Hu, Leiqui; Monaghan, Andrew J.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11)
    Extreme heat is a leading cause of weather-related human mortality. The urban heat island (UHI) can magnify heat exposure in metropolitan areas. This study investigates the ability of a new MODIS-retrieved near-surface air ...
  • Two methods for estimating limits to large-scale wind power generation 

    Miller, Lee M.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Mechem, David B.; Gans, Fabian; Monaghan, Andrew J.; Vautard, Robert; Keith, David W.; Kleidon, Axel (National Academy of Sciences, 2015-09-08)
    Wind turbines remove kinetic energy from the atmospheric flow, which reduces wind speeds and limits generation rates of large wind farms. These interactions can be approximated using a vertical kinetic energy (VKE) flux ...
  • Designing a Suite of Models to Explore Critical Zone Function 

    Duffy, Christopher; Shi, Yuning; Davis, Ken; Slingerland, Rudy; Li, Li; Sullivan, Pamela; Goddéris, Yves; Brantly, S. L. (Elsevier, 2014-08)
    Critical Zone; weathering; hydrology; ecology; watersheds
  • Boron isotope fractionation in soils at Shale Hills CZO 

    Noireaux, J.; Gaillardet, J.; Sullivan, Pamela; Brantley, S. L. (Elsevier, 2014-08)
    Isotope fractionation of many elements can fingerprint the biogeochemical, weathering and erosion processes that govern the evolution of the Critical Zone (CZ). This study investigates boron isotope fractionation in two ...

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