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dc.contributor.authorSmith-Ray, Renae L.
dc.contributor.authorMama, Scherezade
dc.contributor.authorReese-Smith, Jacqueline Y.
dc.contributor.authorEstabrooks, Paul A.
dc.contributor.authorLee, Rebecca E.
dc.identifier.citationSmith-Ray, R. L., Mama, S., Reese-Smith, J. Y., Estabrooks, P. A., & Lee, R. E. (2012). Improving Participation Rates for Women of Color in Health Research: The Role of Group Cohesion. Prevention Science : The Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research, 13(1), 27–35.
dc.descriptionThe final publication is available at Springer via
dc.description.abstractAdherence to physical activity and dietary interventions is a common challenge. Interventions that use group cohesion strategies show promise for increasing adherence, but have not been tested among women of color. The purpose of this study was to determine whether dimensions of group cohesion mediate the association between intervention condition and attendance within a community physical activity program for women of color. African American and Hispanic or Latina women (N=310) completed measurements at baseline and post-intervention and participated in a social cohesion intervention to improve physical activity and dietary habits. Women were assigned to a physical activity or fruit and vegetable intervention group. Social and task cohesion was measured using the Physical Activity Group Environment Questionnaire (PAGE-Q). Attendance was recorded at each of six intervention sessions. Women were generally middle-age (M age = 46.4 years, SD=9.1) and obese (M BMI = 34.4 kg/m2, SD=7.7). The estimate of the mediated effect was significant for all group cohesion constructs, indicating both task constructs—attraction to the group’s task (SE=0.096, CI: −0.599 to −0.221) and group integration around the task (SE=0.060, CI: −0.092 to −0.328)—and social constructs—attraction to the group’s social aspects (SE=0.046, CI: −0.546 to −0.366) and group integration around social aspects (SE=0.046, CI: −0.546 to −0.366)—significantly mediated the association between group assignment and attendance. Both task and social constructs are important to improve attendance in health promotion interventions for women of color.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagen_US
dc.subjectGroup processesen_US
dc.subjectPhysical activityen_US
dc.subjectAfrican Americansen_US
dc.subjectHispanic Americansen_US
dc.titleImproving Participation Rates for Women of Color in Health Research: The Role of Group Cohesionen_US
kusw.kuauthorReese-Smith, Jacqueline Y.
kusw.oanotesPer SHERPA/RoMEO 6/27/2017: Author's Pre-print: green tick author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing) Author's Post-print: green tick author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) Publisher's Version/PDF: cross author cannot archive publisher's version/PDF General Conditions:

Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used Published source must be acknowledged Must link to publisher version Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy) Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, author accepted manuscripten_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US

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