Controlling the Chiral Inversion Reaction of the Metallopeptide Ni-Asparagine-Cysteine-Cysteine with Dioxygen
Glass, Amanda M.
Krause, Mary Elizabeth
Laurence, Jennifer S.
Jackson, Timothy A.
American Chemical Society
Scholarly/refereed, author accepted manuscript
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Synthetically generated metallopeptides have the potential to serve a variety of roles in biotechnology applications, but the use of such systems is often hampered by the inability to control secondary reactions. We have previously reported that the NiII complex of the tripeptide LLL-asparagine-cysteine-cysteine, LLL-NiII-NCC, undergoes metal-facilitated chiral inversion to DLD-NiII-NCC, which increases the observed superoxide scavenging activity. However, the mechanism for this process remained unexplored. Electronic absorption and circular dichroism studies of the chiral inversion reaction of NiII-NCC reveal a unique dependence on dioxygen. Specifically, in the absence of dioxygen, the chiral inversion is not observed, even at elevated pH, whereas the addition of O2 initiates this reactivity and concomitantly generates superoxide. Scavenging experiments using acetaldehyde are indicative of the formation of carbanion intermediates, demonstrating that inversion takes place by deprotonation of the alpha carbons of Asn1 and Cys3. Together, these data are consistent with the chiral inversion being dependent on the formation of a NiIII-NCC intermediate from NiII-NCC and O2. The data further suggest that the anionic thiolate and amide ligands in NiII-NCC inhibit Cα–H deprotonation for the NiII oxidation state, leading to a stable complex in the absence of O2. Together, these results offer insights into the factors controlling reactivity in synthetic metallopeptides.
This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in the Inorganic Chemistry, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see http://doi.org/10.1021/ic301717q.
Glass, A. M., Krause, M. E., Laurence, J. S., & Jackson, T. A. (2012). Controlling the Chiral Inversion Reaction of the Metallopeptide Ni-Asparagine-Cysteine-Cysteine with Dioxygen. Inorganic Chemistry, 51(18), 10055–10063. http://doi.org/10.1021/ic301717q
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