Conformational Heterogeneity of a Leucine Enkephalin Analog in Aqueous Solution and SDS Micelles: Comparison of Time- Resolved FRET and Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Unruh, Jay R.
Johnson, Carey K.
American Chemical Society
Scholarly/refereed, author accepted manuscript
This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in the Journal of Physical Chemistry B, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp903302k.
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We have undertaken time-resolved Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) and molecular dynamics simulations to analyze conformations and conformational heterogeneity of an analog of leucine enkephalin in solution and in the presence of SDS micelles. Enkephalins are opioid pentapeptides that interact with opioid receptors in the central nervous system. We used timecorrelated single-photon counting to detect energy transfer between the N-terminal tyrosine and a tryptophan residue substituted for phenylalanine at the 4 position. FRET from Tyr to Trp was measured over a temperature range from 5°C to 55°C in aqueous solution. By taking into account Tyr rotamer interconversion rates measured previously, we determined average distances between Tyr and Trp for the two populated rotameric conformations of Tyr. Molecular dynamics simulations (100 ns) support this analysis and indicate extensive conformational heterogeneity. The simulations also predict that the FRET orientational factor is correlated with the Tyr-Trp separation. Failure to account for the correlation between orientation and distance results in errors that appear to be largely offset in YGGWL by a weighting bias inherent in the R−6 dependence of the energy-transfer rate. The Tyr lifetimes decrease upon titration of the peptides with SDS, indicating formation of compact conformations of the peptide in the micelle environment. This result is consistent with the conjecture that the lipid environment may induce formation of bioactive conformations of the peptide.
Unruh, J. R., Kuczera, K., & Johnson, C. K. (2009). Conformational Heterogeneity of a Leucine Enkephalin Analog in Aqueous Solution and SDS Micelles: Comparison of Time-Resolved FRET and Molecular Dynamics Simulations. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, 113(43), 14381–14392. http://doi.org/10.1021/jp903302k
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