Direct and Indirect Effects of Soluble Extracts of Schistosoma mansoni Eggs on Fibroblast Proliferation In Vitro
Wyler, David J.
Tracy, James W.
American Society for Microbiology
Scholarly/refereed, publisher version
Copyright © 1982, American Society for Microbiology
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The possibility that soluble products of Schistosoma mansoni eggs might participate in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis in schistosomiasis was investigated. Both crude saline extracts of eggs (soluble egg antigen [SEA]) and a partially purified SEA fraction contained activity which stimulated guinea pig and human dermal fibroblasts to proliferate in vitro, as measured by uptake of [3H]thymidine. Maximum activity was present in fractions which eluted from Sephacryl S-200 with an apparent molecular weight of less than or equal to 12,500 and in fractions which had an estimated pI 8, as determined by preparative isoelectric focusing of partially purified SEA. Activity in crude SEA was not removed by chromatography on concanavalin A-Sepharose 4B. When concanavalin A-binding glycoproteins lacking intrinsic fibroblast-stimulating activity were incubated with spleen cells from infected or uninfected mice, fibroblasts-stimulating activity was detected in the culture supernatants. Thus, SEA contains two functionally distinct molecular species. One of these directly stimulates fibroblasts, whereas the other induces the release of a fibroblast-stimulating activity from lymphocytes or macrophages or both. Since these fibroblast-stimulating factors might be elaborated in the livers of infected individuals, these observations suggest a potential role of soluble schistome products in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis in schistosomiasis.
Wyler, D. J., & Tracy, J. W. (1982). Direct and indirect effects of soluble extracts of Schistosoma mansoni eggs on fibroblast proliferation in vitro. Infection and immunity, 38(1), 103-108.
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