Transport properties of CO2-expanded acetonitrile from molecular dynamics simulations
Laird, Brian Bostian
American Institute of Physics
Scholarly/refereed, publisher version
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Carbon-dioxide-expanded liquids, which are mixtures of organic liquids and compressed CO2, are novel media used in chemical processing. The authors present a molecular simulation study of the transport properties of liquid mixtures formed by acetonitrile and carbon dioxide, in which the CO2 mole fraction is adjusted by changing the pressure, at a constant temperature of 298K. They report values of translational diffusion coefficients, rotational correlation times, and shear viscosities of the liquids as function of CO2 mole fraction. The simulation results are in good agreement with the available experimental data for the pure components and provide interesting insights into the largely unknown properties of the mixtures, which are being recognized as important novel materials in chemical operations. We find that the calculated quantities exhibit smooth variation with composition that may be represented by simple model equations. The translational and rotational diffusion rates increase with CO2 mole fraction for both the acetonitrile and carbon dioxide components. The shear viscosity decreases with increasing amount of CO2, varying smoothly between the values of pure acetonitrile and pure carbon dioxide. Our results show that adjusting the amount of CO2 in the mixture allows the variation of transport rates by a factor of 3–4 and liquidviscosity by a factor of 8. Thus, the physical properties of the mixture may be tailored to the desired range by changes in the operating conditions of temperature and pressure.
This is the publisher's version, also available electronically from http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/jcp/126/7/10.1063/1.2434968.
Houndonougbo, Yao; Laird, Brian Bostian; Kuczera, Krzysztof. (2007). "Transport properties of CO2-expanded acetonitrile from molecular dynamics simulations." The Journal of Chemical Physics, 126(7):074507. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2434968
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