Maximum attainable field-free molecular orientation of a thermal ensemble with near–single-cycle THz pulses
American Physical Society
Scholarly/refereed, publisher version
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Recently, single-cycle THz pulses have been demonstrated in the laboratory to successfully induce field-free orientation in gas-phase polar molecules at room temperature [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163603 (2011)]. In this paper, we examine the maximum attainable field-free molecular orientation with optimally shaped linearly polarized near–single-cycle THz laser pulses of a thermal ensemble. Large-scale benchmark optimal control simulations are performed, including rotational energy levels with the rotational quantum numbers up to J=100 for OCS linear molecules. The simulations are made possible by an extension of the recently formulated fast search algorithm, the two-point boundary-value quantum control paradigm, to the mixed-states optimal control problems in the present work. It is shown that a very high degree of field-free orientation can be achieved by strong, optimally shaped near–single-cycle THz pulses. The extensive numerical simulations showed that the maximum attainable J-dependent field-free orientation (equal to 0.714 for J=60 and 0.837 for J=100 at 100 K) in the near–single-cycle THz pulse region is close to 92% of the corresponding optimal bound that can be attained by arbitrarily long pulses. It is also found that a smaller amplitude for the optimal control field corresponds to a smaller J (e.g., ≈0.005 a.u. for J=60 and ≈0.01 a.u. for J=100) in the model simulations. The latter finding may underline the actual experimental performance of the field-free molecular orientation, since presently the available amplitude of single-cycle THz pulses can only reach slightly beyond 20MV/cm (≈0.0038 a.u.).
This is the publisher's version, also available electronically from http://journals.aps.org/pra/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevA.87.013429.
Liao, Sheng-Lun; Ho, Tak-San; Rabitz, Herschel; Chu, Shih-I. (2013). "Maximum attainable field-free molecular orientation of a thermal ensemble with near–single-cycle THz pulses." Physical Review A, 87(01):013429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.87.013429
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