Perception of clear fricatives by normal-hearing and simulated hearing-impaired listeners
The Acoustical Society of America
Scholarly/refereed, publisher version
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Speakers may adapt the phonetic details of their productions when they anticipate perceptual difficulty or comprehension failure on the part of a listener. Previous research suggests that a speaking style known as clear speech is more intelligible overall than casual, conversational speech for a variety of listener populations. However, it is unknown whether clear speech improves the intelligibility of fricative consonants specifically, or how its effects on fricative perception might differ depending on listener population. The primary goal of this study was to determine whether clear speech enhances fricative intelligibility for normal-hearing listeners and listeners with simulated impairment. Two experiments measured babble signal-to-noise ratio thresholds for fricative minimal pair distinctions for 14 normal-hearing listeners and 14 listeners with simulated sloping, recruiting impairment. Results indicated that clear speech helped both groups overall. However, for impaired listeners, reliable clear speech intelligibility advantages were not found for non-sibilant pairs. Correlation analyses comparing acoustic and perceptual data indicated that a shift of energy concentration toward higher frequency regions and greater source strength contributed to the clear speecheffect for normal-hearing listeners. Correlations between acoustic and perceptual data were less consistent for listeners with simulated impairment, and suggested that lower-frequency information may play a role.
This is the publisher's version, also available electronically from http://scitation.aip.org/content/asa/journal/jasa/123/2/10.1121/1.2821966.
Maniwa, Kazumi and Jongman, Allard and Wade, Travis. “Perception of clear fricatives by normal-hearing and simulated hearing-impaired listeners.” 2008. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, 1114-1125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2821966
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