Ecophysiological Significance of CO2-Recycling via Crassulacean Acid Metabolism in Talinum Calycinum Englem. (Portulacaceae)
Martin, Craig E.
American Society of Plant Biologists
Scholarly/refereed, publisher version
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High levels of variability in gas exchange characteristics and degree of CAM-cycling were found in the same and different individuals of Talinum calycinum Engelm. collected from rock outcrops in Missouri. Differences in CO, assimilation were mostly correlated with differences in shoot conductance to C02 not shoot internal C02 concentration. As found previously, CAM acid fluctuations were evident in well-watered plants exhibiting C3 gas exchange patterns (CAM-cycling) and also in drought-stressed plants with stomata closed, or nearly so, day and night (CAM-idling). Drought stress also resulted in rapid stomatal closure, conserving water during droughts. Maximal CO, uptake rates occurred below 35°C; higher temperatures induced decreases in CO. assimilation and conductance while shoot internal C02 concentrations remained similar. Plant water-use-efficiency was severely curtailed at temperatures above 30°C. Tissue acid fluctuations were the result of changes in malic acid concentrations. Calculations of the amount of water potentially conserved by CAM-cycling yielded values of approximately 5 to 4 4% of daytime water loss. Thus, CAM-cycling may be an important adaptation minimizing water loss by perennial succulents growing in shallow soil on rock outcrops.
This is the publisher's official version, also available electronically from: http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/86/2/562.full.pdf
Martin, C.E., M. Higley, and W.-Z. Wang. 1988. The ecophysiological significance of CO2-recycling via Crassulacean acid metabolism in Talinum calycinum Engelm. (Portulacaceae). Plant Physiol. 86: 562-568.
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