ATTENTION: The software behind KU ScholarWorks is being upgraded to a new version. Starting July 15th, users will not be able to log in to the system, add items, nor make any changes until the new version is in place at the end of July. Searching for articles and opening files will continue to work while the system is being updated. If you have any questions, please contact Marianne Reed at .

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorDarwin, David
dc.contributor.authorWest, Maria B.
dc.description.abstractThe ASTM C157 free shrinkage test is used to evaluate the effects of mix proportioning parameters and curing on concrete shrinkage with the goal of providing recommendations that will reduce concrete shrinkage in bridge decks. Specimens are dried up to 365 days at 23 ± 2o C (73 ± 3o F) and 50 ± 4 percent relative humidity. Parameters include aggregate content; cement fineness; water-cement ratio; curing period; partial cement replacement by slag, Class C fly ash, or silica fume; superplasticizer dosage; the use of a shrinkage reducing admixture; and aggregate type. The results indicate that increasing the aggregate content (decreasing the paste content) of a concrete mix decreases shrinkage and that water-cement ratio has little effect in and of itself. For a given aggregate content and water-cement ratio, concretes made with Type I/II cement shrink more than concretes made with Type II coarse-ground cement. Concrete containing a 30 percent cement replacement (by volume) of either Class C fly ash or granulated ground blast-furnace slag exhibit higher shrinkage than concrete with only Type I/II cement when cured for three days. Limestone coarse aggregate produces concrete with higher shrinkage than concrete made with quartzite coarse aggregate. Increased curing periods lead to a decrease in shrinkage for concretes made with either Type I/II or Type II coarse-ground cement. No consistent effect of dosage rate on shrinkage was observed for concretes made with the superplasticizers tested. The use of a shrinkage reducing admixture at a dosage rate of 2 percent by weight of cement reduced the shrinkage of concrete nearly 32 percent after 365 days. The shrinkage reducing admixture, however, produced concrete that at times exhibited an unstable air content.
dc.format.extent268 pages
dc.publisherUniversity of Kansas
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and unless otherwise specified the copyright of this thesis/dissertation is held by the author.
dc.subjectCivil engineering
dc.subjectMaterials science engineering
dc.subjectCement fineness
dc.titleEffect of Materials and Curing Period on Shrinkage of Concrete
dc.contributor.cmtememberBrowning, JoAnn
dc.contributor.cmtememberMatamoros, Adolfo
dc.thesis.degreeDisciplineCivil, Environmental, & Architectural Engineering
kusw.oapolicyThis item does not meet KU Open Access policy criteria.

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record