This paper describes response deprivation as an establishing operation. In this context, the authors review the concept of establishing operation, in particular, its reinforcer-establishing and evocative effects; response deprivation is placed in the literature on the reinforcing effects of behavioral activity, wherein response deprivation subsumes the Premack principle; the authors describe the reinforcer-altering and evocative effects of response deprivation; and address a methodological concern about the evocative effect. In closing, some conceptual and empirical implications of the foregoing analyses are discussed.
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