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dc.contributor.advisorLeidy, Heather
dc.contributor.authorRacki, Erin Marie
dc.date.accessioned2009-10-13T02:46:14Z
dc.date.available2009-10-13T02:46:14Z
dc.date.issued2009-04-29
dc.date.submitted2009
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dissertations.umi.com/ku:10231
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1808/5512
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To examine the effect of a protein-rich breakfast on appetite, food cravings, and subsequent food intake in breakfast-skipping adolescents. Methods: 15 healthy, “breakfast skipping” adolescents (age 14 ± 1 y; BMI 79 ± 4 %ile; breakfast 2 ± 1 occasions/wk) randomly consumed, on 3 separate days, a breakfast meal of 24% estimated daily energy needs containing the RDA for protein (18 ± 1 g protein) (PN), a higher amount of dietary protein (48 ± 2 g protein) (PR), or no breakfast (breakfast skipping, BS). Post-meal appetite and food craving responses were collected over a 4-h period followed by an ad libitum lunch buffet. Results: Following both breakfast meals, hunger was lower vs. BS (-4305 ± 1131 vs. 501 ± 1263 mm•240 min; P<0.01) while fullness was greater vs. BS (4143 ± 1152 vs. 1066 ± 528 mm•240 min; P<0.001). No differences were observed between meals. Both breakfast meals also led to a decrease in prospective food consumption vs. BS (-4100 ± 758 vs. 1304 ± 868 mm•240 min; P<0.001). PR led to a greater reduction vs. PN (trend, P=0.06). No differences in sweet cravings were observed between breakfast meals and BS. PR and PN tended to lead to a greater reduction in salty (P=0.062) and meaty cravings (P=0.055) vs. BS; no differences were observed between meals. The PR and PN breakfast meals led to fewer calories consumed at lunch (434 ± 56 kcal) vs. BS (490 ± 63 kcal; P<0.05). PR led to 127 ± 40 fewer calories compared to 14 ± 23 more calories in PN (P<0.005). Conclusions: These findings indicate that the addition of a protein-rich breakfast beneficially impacts appetite control and food intake over the short-term and may potentially be an effective dietary strategy to re-establish energy balance and improve body weight management in overweight and obese young people
dc.format.extent55 pages
dc.language.isoEN
dc.publisherUniversity of Kansas
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and unless otherwise specified the copyright of this thesis/dissertation is held by the author.
dc.subjectHealth sciences
dc.subjectNutrition
dc.titleBenefits of Breakfast in Adolescents
dc.typeThesis
dc.contributor.cmtememberSullivan, Debra
dc.contributor.cmtememberBeyer, Pete
dc.thesis.degreeDisciplineDietetics & Nutrition
dc.thesis.degreeLevelM.S.
kusw.oastatusna
kusw.oapolicyThis item does not meet KU Open Access policy criteria.
dc.rights.accessrightsopenAccess


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