Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorClair, Alicia
dc.contributor.authorLaGasse, Ashley Blythe
dc.date.accessioned2009-07-31T04:43:22Z
dc.date.available2009-07-31T04:43:22Z
dc.date.issued2009-04-14
dc.date.submitted2009
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dissertations.umi.com/ku:10237
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1808/5342
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an external auditory rhythmic stimulus on the kinematics of the oromotor musculature during speech production in children and adults. To this effect, the research questions were: 1) Do children entrain labiomandibular movements to an external auditory stimulus? 2) Does the ability to entrain labiomandibular movements to an external auditory stimulus change with age? 3) Does an external auditory stimulus change the coordination and stability of the upper lip, lower lip, and jaw when producing speech sounds? The oromotor kinematics of two groups of children, age eight to ten (n = 6) and eleven to fourteen (n = 6), were compared to the oromotor kinematics of adults (n = 12) while producing bilabial syllables with and without an external auditory stimulus. The kinematic correlates of speech production were recorded using video-based 4-dimensional motion capture technology and included measures of upper lip, lower lip and jaw displacement and their respective derivatives. The Spatiotemporal Index (a single number indication of motor stability and pattern formation) and Synchronization Error (a numerical indication of phase deviations) were calculated for each participant within each condition. There were no statistically significant differences between age groups for the Spatiotemporal Index or for Synchronization Error. Results indicated that there were statistically significant differences in the Spatiotemporal Index for condition; with Post-hoc tests indicating that the difference was between the first condition (no rhythm) and the second condition (self-paced rhythm). Results indicated that both child groups were able to synchronize to an external auditory stimulus. Furthermore, the older child group was able to establish oromotor synchrony with near-adult abilities.
dc.format.extent111 pages
dc.language.isoEN
dc.publisherUniversity of Kansas
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and unless otherwise specified the copyright of this thesis/dissertation is held by the author.
dc.subjectMusic
dc.subjectSpeech communication
dc.subjectDevelopment
dc.subjectEntrainment
dc.subjectMusic therapy
dc.subjectOromotor
dc.subjectSpeech
dc.titleOromotor Kinematics of Speech In Children and the Effect of an External Rhythmic Auditory Stimulus
dc.typeDissertation
dc.contributor.cmtememberColwell, Cynthia
dc.contributor.cmtememberBergee, Martin J
dc.contributor.cmtememberBarlow, Steven
dc.contributor.cmtememberBrady, Nancy
dc.thesis.degreeDisciplineMusic Education & Music Therapy
dc.thesis.degreeLevelPh.D.
kusw.oastatusna
kusw.oapolicyThis item does not meet KU Open Access policy criteria.
dc.rights.accessrightsopenAccess


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record