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dc.contributor.authorSchwarz, Corinne
dc.contributor.authorXing, Chong
dc.contributor.authorBritton, Hannah E.
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Paul E.
dc.identifier.citationCorinne Schwarz, Chong Xing, Hannah E. Britton & Paul E. Johnson (2022) A Prototype Comparison of Human Trafficking Warning Signs: U.S. Midwest Frontline Workers’ Perceptions, Journal of Human Trafficking, 8:4, 419-440, DOI:
dc.description.abstractGuided by the cognitive prototype approach, this article examines the prototype structure of the frontline workers’ perceptions concerning warning sign indicators in human trafficking. Online survey responses across a range of workplace sectors were analyzed using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis (MG-CFA) for three groups. These groups were based on respondents’ self-reported human trafficking experiences: no witness (no encounter of human trafficking), sex trafficking witness, and labor trafficking witness. The MG-CFA analysis revealed a three-factor structure – physical condition, reproductive health, and personal risk – representing the participants’ perceptions of the warning signs. Further analysis showed group-level mean (latent intercept) and variance differences between the prototype structures of the three witness groups. The final structural model results indicate that these group-level prototype differences can be explained by two organizational resource variables: identification protocol and training. The results are discussed in light of the current empirical literature on human trafficking identification, stereotypical frames of victimhood, and policy practices.en_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.rights© 2020 Taylor & Francisen_US
dc.subjectAnti-trafficking identificationen_US
dc.subjectWarning signsen_US
dc.subjectService providersen_US
dc.subjectStructural equation modelingen_US
dc.titleA Prototype Comparison of Human Trafficking Warning Signs: U.S. Midwest Frontline Workers’ Perceptionsen_US
kusw.kuauthorXing, Chong
kusw.kuauthorBritton, Hannah E.
kusw.kuauthorJohnson, Paul E.
kusw.kudepartmentCommunication Studiesen_US
kusw.kudepartmentPolitical Scienceen_US
kusw.kudepartmentWomen, Gender & Sexuality Studiesen_US
kusw.kudepartmentPolitical Scienceen_US
kusw.oanotesPer SHERPA/RoMEO snapshot taken 2020/10/22: Version: Published Version Embargo: None CC BY-NC-ND Locations: PMC Any Website, Journal Website, +1 OA Publishing This pathway includes Open Access publishing Embargo No Embargo Licence CC BY-NC-ND Copyright Owner Authors Publisher Deposit PubMed Central Location

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kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher versionen_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US

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