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dc.contributor.authorPfromm, Peter H.
dc.contributor.authorAmanor-Boadu, Vincent
dc.contributor.authorNelson, Richard
dc.identifier.citationPeter H. Pfromm, Vincent Amanor-Boadu, and Richard Nelson. Sustainability of algae derived biodiesel: A mass balance approach. 2011. Bioresource Technology: 102(2): 1185-1193.en_US
dc.description.abstractA rigorous chemical engineering mass balance/unit operations approach is applied here to bio-diesel from algae mass culture.

An equivalent of 50,000,000 gallons per year (0.006002 m3/s) of petroleum-based Number 2 fuel oil (US, diesel for compression–ignition engines, about 0.1% of annual US consumption) from oleaginous algae is the target. Methyl algaeate and ethyl algaeate diesel can according to this analysis conceptually be produced largely in a technologically sustainable way albeit at a lower available diesel yield. About 11 square miles of algae ponds would be needed with optimistic assumptions of 50 g biomass yield per day and m2 pond area. CO2 to foster algae growth should be supplied from a sustainable source such as a biomass-based ethanol production. Reliance on fossil-based CO2 from power plants or fertilizer production renders algae diesel non-sustainable in the long term.
dc.publisherBioresource Technologyen_US
dc.titleSustainability of algae derived biodiesel: A mass balance approachen_US
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher versionen_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US

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