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dc.contributor.authorMetzger, Nathan
dc.contributor.authorLi, Xianglin
dc.date.accessioned2022-07-12T20:10:13Z
dc.date.available2022-07-12T20:10:13Z
dc.date.issued2022-05-26
dc.identifier.citationMetzger N, Li X. Technical and Economic Analysis of Fuel Cells for Forklift Applications. ACS Omega. 2022 May 26;7(22):18267-18275. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c07344. PMID: 35694482; PMCID: PMC9178713.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1808/32839
dc.description.abstractThis study compared the life cycle cost (LCC) of LiFePO4 battery, proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), and direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) as the main power source of electric forklifts. The battery showed the lowest LCC over 10 years ($14,935) among the three power sources, thanks to the significant price reduction in recent years. The fuel cost accounted for more than 70% of the total LCC of PEMFC ($36,682) when the hydrogen price was $8/kg. The LCC of DMFC ($41,819) with the current performance and catalyst loading (0.2 W/cm2, 6 mgPGM/cm2) was 12% higher than the LCC of PEMFC ($36,682). The LCC of DMFC ($25,050) will be 28.9% lower than that of PEMFC if both PEMFC and DMFC reach the target performance and catalyst loading set by the U.S. Department of Energy (1 W/cm2, 0.125 mgPGM/cm2 for PEMFC and 0.3 W/cm2, 3 mgPGM/cm2 for DMFC). The smaller fleet size will significantly increase the LCC of PEMFC due to the high cost of hydrogen fueling and storage infrastructure. For forklift users with less than 50 units, which account for 80% of forklift users, DMFC will be even more cost-effective due to the significantly lower cost of methanol infrastructure.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Societyen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectBatteriesen_US
dc.subjectFuel cellsen_US
dc.subjectFuelsen_US
dc.subjectHydrogenen_US
dc.subjectPoweren_US
dc.titleTechnical and Economic Analysis of Fuel Cells for Forklift Applicationsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
kusw.kuauthorMetzger, Nathan
kusw.kuauthorLi, Xianglin
kusw.kudepartmentMechanical Engineeringen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/acsomega.1c07344en_US
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-0193-9410en_US
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher versionen_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US
dc.identifier.pmid35694482en_US
dc.rights.accessrightsopenAccessen_US


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Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as: Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.