Adversity exposure and obesogenic food consumption in young children: The transgenerational role of emotion dysregulation
Scholarly/refereed, author accepted manuscript
© 2020 World Obesity Federation
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Background Childhood adversity is linked with unhealthy eating behaviours and obesity, but the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear, specifically the transgenerational behavioural precursors that develop in early childhood.Objective To determine whether adversity predicts change in obesogenic food consumption through child emotion dysregulation, and whether caregiver emotion dysregulation modifies this association.Methods Participants included 190 low-income caregiver-child dyads (mean child age = 4.31 years [SD = 0.85]). Cumulative lifetime adversity exposure was assessed via study-created measure. The Difficulties with Emotion Regulation Scale and Emotion Regulation Checklist assessed caregiver and child emotion dysregulation, respectively. Children's obesogenic food consumption was assessed at two time points 6 months apart using a caregiver-report measure: the Children's Eating Habits Questionnaire. Moderated mediation models were tested using autoregressive structural equation modelling.Results Cumulative lifetime adversity was associated with child emotion dysregulation only when caregiver emotion dysregulation was high. Child emotion dysregulation in turn was associated with greater obesogenic food consumption 6 months later.Conclusions Among young children with caregivers high in emotion dysregulation, cumulative lifetime adversity was linked to an increase in obesogenic food consumption through child emotion dysregulation.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Huffhines, L, Gusler, S, Jackson, Y. Adversity exposure and obesogenic food consumption in young children: The transgenerational role of emotion dysregulation. Pediatric Obesity. 2020; 15:e12658. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12658, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12658. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
Huffhines, L, Gusler, S, Jackson, Y. Adversity exposure and obesogenic food consumption in young children: The transgenerational role of emotion dysregulation. Pediatric Obesity. 2020; 15:e12658. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12658
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