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dc.contributor.authorScheuermann, Taneisha S.
dc.contributor.authorOnge, Jarron M. Saint
dc.contributor.authorRamaswamy, Megha
dc.contributor.authorSanderson Cox, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorAhluwalia, Jasjit S.
dc.contributor.authorNollen, Nicole L.
dc.identifier.citationScheuermann, T.S., Saint Onge, J.M., Ramaswamy, M. et al. The Role of Neighborhood Experiences in Psychological Distress Among African American and White Smokers. Race Soc Probl 12, 133–144 (2020).
dc.description.abstractResidential area characteristics and discrimination have been associated with psychological distress. Differences in these relationships across racial groups are not well understood. We examined the relative role of perceived discrimination, neighborhood problems, and neighborhood cohesion/trust in explaining differences in psychological distress (indicated by anxiety and depressive symptoms) between 224 African American and 225 white smokers (income ≤ 400% federal poverty level) in a smoking cessation intervention study. Surveys were linked to US census tract data. We conducted random intercept Poisson multilevel regression models and examined interactions between race and neighborhood experiences. African Americans had greater risk of anxiety and depressive symptoms and greater individual and neighborhood disadvantage than whites. Controlling for objective neighborhood characteristics, when perceived discrimination and perceived neighborhood characteristics were added to the regression models, the association between anxiety symptoms and race were no longer statistically significant; the association between depressive symptoms and race decreased, but remained statistically significant. Lower neighborhood social cohesion/trust and greater neighborhood problems increased depressive symptoms for African Americans, but not for whites. Perceived discrimination and neighborhood social cohesion/trust outweighed the importance of race in explaining anxiety symptoms. These findings underscore the need for multilevel interventions addressing social and environmental contexts.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020, Springer Science Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Natureen_US
dc.subjectDepressive symptomsen_US
dc.subjectAnxiety symptomsen_US
dc.subjectNeighborhood socioeconomic contextsen_US
dc.subjectNeighborhood social cohesionen_US
dc.titleThe Role of Neighborhood Experiences in Psychological Distress among African American and White Smokersen_US
kusw.kuauthorOnge, Jarron M. Saint
kusw.oanotesPer Sherpa Romeo 01/17/2022:

Race and Social Problems [Open panel below]Publication Information TitleRace and Social Problems [English] ISSNs Print: 1867-1748 Electronic: 1867-1756 URL PublishersSpringer [Commercial Publisher] [Open panel below]Publisher Policy Open Access pathways permitted by this journal's policy are listed below by article version. Click on a pathway for a more detailed view.

Published Version NoneCC BYPMC Any Website, Journal Website, +3 Accepted Version [pathway a]

None Author's Homepage Accepted Version [pathway b]

12mPublisher's Bespoke License Institutional Repository, Funder Designated Location Embargo12 Months LicencePublisher's Bespoke License Location Funder Designated Location Institutional Repository Conditions Published source must be acknowledged Must link to publisher version with DOI Post-prints are subject to Springer Nature re-use terms
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0001-9543-903Xen_US
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, author accepted manuscripten_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US

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