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dc.contributor.authorDonnelly, Joseph E.
dc.contributor.authorHillman, Charles H.
dc.contributor.authorGreene, Jerry L.
dc.contributor.authorHansen, David M.
dc.contributor.authorGibson, Cheryl A.
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Debra K.
dc.contributor.authorPoggio, John
dc.contributor.authorMayo, Matthew S.
dc.contributor.authorLambourne, Kate
dc.contributor.authorSzabo-Reed, Amanda N.
dc.contributor.authorHerrmann, Stephen D.
dc.contributor.authorHonas, Jeffery J.
dc.contributor.authorScudder, Mark R.
dc.contributor.authorBetts, Jessica L.
dc.contributor.authorHenley, Katherine
dc.contributor.authorHunt, Suzanne L.
dc.contributor.authorWashburn, Richard A.
dc.identifier.citationPhysical activity and academic achievement across the curriculum: Results from a 3-year cluster-randomized trial Joseph E. Donnelly, Charles H. Hillman, Jerry L. Greene, David M. Hansen, Cheryl A. Gibson, Debra K. Sullivan, John Poggio, Matthew S. Mayo, Kate Lambourne, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Stephen D. Herrmann, Jeffery J. Honas, Mark R. Scudder, Jessica L. Betts, Katherine Henley, Suzanne L. Hunt, Richard A. Washburn Prev Med. 2017 Jun; 99: 140–145. Published online 2017 Feb 11. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.02.006en_US
dc.descriptionThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.en_US
dc.description.abstractWe compared changes in academic achievement across 3 years between children in elementary schools receiving the Academic Achievement and Physical Activity Across the Curriculum intervention (A + PAAC), in which classroom teachers were trained to deliver academic lessons using moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) compared to a non-intervention control. Elementary schools in eastern Kansas (n = 17) were cluster randomized to A + PAAC (N = 9, target ≥ 100 min/week) or control (N = 8). Academic achievement (math, reading, spelling) was assessed using the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Third Edition (WIAT-III) in a sample of children (A + PAAC = 316, Control = 268) in grades 2 and 3 at baseline (Fall 2011) and repeated each spring across 3 years. On average 55 min/week of A + PACC lessons were delivered each week across the intervention. Baseline WIAT-III scores (math, reading, spelling) were significantly higher in students in A + PAAC compared with control schools and improved in both groups across 3 years. However, linear mixed modeling, accounting for baseline between group differences in WIAT-III scores, ethnicity, family income, and cardiovascular fitness, found no significant impact of A + PAAC on any of the academic achievement outcomes as determined by non-significant group by time interactions. A + PAAC neither diminished or improved academic achievement across 3-years in elementary school children compared with controls. Our target of 100 min/week of active lessons was not achieved; however, students attending A + PAAC schools received an additional 55 min/week of MVPA which may be associated with both physical and mental health benefits, without a reduction in time devoted to academic instruction.en_US
dc.rights© 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.en_US
dc.subjectPhysical activityen_US
dc.subjectAcademic achievementen_US
dc.subjectCluster-randomized trialen_US
dc.subjectCognitive functionen_US
dc.subjectCardiovascular fitnessen_US
dc.titlePhysical activity and academic achievement across the curriculum: Results from a 3-year cluster-randomized trialen_US
kusw.kuauthorGreene, Jerry L.
kusw.kuauthorHansen, David M.
kusw.kuauthorPoggio, John
kusw.kudepartmentDepartment of Health, Sport, and Exercise Scienceen_US
kusw.kudepartmentDepartment of Psychology and Research in Educationen_US
kusw.oanotesPer SHERPA/RoMEO 01/23/2020 Author's Pre-print: green tick author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing) Author's Post-print: green tick author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) Publisher's Version/PDF: cross author cannot archive publisher's version/PDF General Conditions:

Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of 12 months Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo period of 12 months Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used Must link to publisher version with DOI Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, author accepted manuscripten_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US

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© 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as: © 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.