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dc.contributor.authorKlompen, Anna M. L.
dc.contributor.authorMacrander, Jason
dc.contributor.authorReitzel, Adam M.
dc.contributor.authorStampar, Sérgio N.
dc.identifier.citationKlompen, A., Macrander, J., Reitzel, A. M., & Stampar, S. N. (2020). Transcriptomic Analysis of Four Cerianthid (Cnidaria, Ceriantharia) Venoms. Marine drugs, 18(8), 413.
dc.descriptionThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.en_US
dc.description.abstractTube anemones, or cerianthids, are a phylogenetically informative group of cnidarians with complex life histories, including a pelagic larval stage and tube-dwelling adult stage, both known to utilize venom in stinging-cell rich tentacles. Cnidarians are an entirely venomous group that utilize their proteinaceous-dominated toxins to capture prey and defend against predators, in addition to several other ecological functions, including intraspecific interactions. At present there are no studies describing the venom for any species within cerianthids. Given their unique development, ecology, and distinct phylogenetic-placement within Cnidaria, our objective is to evaluate the venom-like gene diversity of four species of cerianthids from newly collected transcriptomic data. We identified 525 venom-like genes between all four species. The venom-gene profile for each species was dominated by enzymatic protein and peptide families, which is consistent with previous findings in other cnidarian venoms. However, we found few toxins that are typical of sea anemones and corals, and furthermore, three of the four species express toxin-like genes closely related to potent pore-forming toxins in box jellyfish. Our study is the first to provide a survey of the putative venom composition of cerianthids and contributes to our general understanding of the diversity of cnidarian toxins.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSão Paulo Research Foundation FAPESP 2015/24408-4en_US
dc.description.sponsorship2017/50028-0 (SPRINT)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipCNPq (PROTAX) 440539/2015-3en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipCNPq (Research Productivity Scholarship)en_US
dc.rights© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.en_US
dc.subjectTube anemoneen_US
dc.subjectPachycerianthus cf. mauaen_US
dc.subjectPachycerianthus borealisen_US
dc.subjectIsarachnanthus nocturnusen_US
dc.subjectCeriantheomorphe brasiliensisen_US
dc.titleTranscriptomic Analysis of Four Cerianthid (Cnidaria, Ceriantharia) Venomsen_US
kusw.kuauthorKlompen, Anna M. L.
kusw.kudepartmentEcology and Evolutionary Biologyen_US
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher versionen_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US

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© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.