Tectonic Evolution of the Izmir-Ankara Suture Zone in Northwest Turkey using Zircon U-Pb Geochronology and Zircon Lu-Hf Isotopic Tracers
Campbell, Clay Franklin
University of Kansas
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Detrital zircons from the Late Cretaceous Murdunu-Göynük forearc basin and the Paleogene Saricakaya foreland basin; part of the greater Central Sakarya Basin located along the Sakarya Zone of the Western Pontides were analyzed to better understand the closure history of the Tethyan oceans. In northwest Turkey, the Variscan Orogeny is characterized by abundant 350-300 Ma zircon U-Pb ages and εHf values that plot within the minimally to highly evolved domains. In εHf vs. age space no distinct trends are apparent, consistent with a north dipping subduction zone that emplaced plutons into a southward growing, heterogeneous accretionary margin. From 300-250 Ma εHf values trend from highly to minimally evolved, interpreted as crust thinning, a result of slab roll-back and rifting of the Intra-Pontide Ocean. The Cimmerian Orogeny is characterized by a decrease in magmatism from 250-230 Ma associated with minimally to moderately evolved εHf evolution, followed by a 230-200 Ma magmatic gap consistent with crustal thickening followed by flat-slab underthrusting of the Karakaya Complex. Zircons with 200-115 Ma U-Pb ages are all but absent, interpreted as a magmatic lull. The Alpine Orogeny in northwest Turkey is characterized by an increase in magmatism from 115-85 Ma, associated with minimally intermediate to moderately evolved εHf evolution of Late Cretaceous Murdunu-Göynük forearc zircons. At 100 Ma, Late Cretaceous zircons only found within Paleogene Saricakaya foreland basin sediments deviate from similar aged εHf evolution in forearc basin sediments and plot in both the juvenile and intermediate domains. Minor zircon U-Pb age peaks and contrasting inter-basinal εHf evolution are interpreted to represent onset of Andean-style subduction along the southern margin of the Sakarya Zone at ~115 Ma followed by 100 Ma initiation of intra-oceanic subduction within the İzmir-Ankara Ocean. Epsilon Hf values from zircons with 85-75 Ma U-Pb ages sampled from forearc basin sediments trend from moderately evolved to moderately intermediate, interpreted as crustal thinning, a result of slab roll-back along the southern margin of the Sakarya Zone, responsible for final rifting of the Western Black Sea. Foreland basin zircon with U-Pb ages of 85-80 Ma deviate towards highly evolved εHf values. These highly evolved and deviant εHf values are interpreted to represent synchronous melting of the Tavşanli Zone and intra-oceanic slab break-off. A single concordant ~66 Ma pre-collisional zircon grain collected from Late Cretaceous forearc basin flysch located directly beneath a regional unconformity is defined by a moderately evolved εHf value prior to complete absence of young detrital grains and is interpreted to represent incipient collision between the Sakarya and Tavşanli zones followed by total arc shut-off. Syn-collisional tuffs yield minimally evolved εHf values that trend toward minimally intermediate εHf values from 55-50 Ma and from minimally intermediate to highly intermediate from 50-46 Ma, interpreted to represent a second episode of slab break-off followed by crustal thickening, a result of renewed syn-collisional underthrusting.
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