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dc.contributor.authorWoody, Sarah K.
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Helen
dc.contributor.authorIbrahimi, Shaher
dc.contributor.authorDong, Yafeng
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Liqin
dc.identifier.citationWoody, S. K., Zhou, H., Ibrahimi, S., Dong, Y., & Zhao, L. (2016). Human ApoE ε2 promotes regulatory mechanisms of bioenergetic and synaptic function in female brain: a focus on V-type H+-ATPase. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease : JAD, 53(3), 1015–1031.
dc.description.abstractHumans possess three major isoforms of the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene encoded by three alleles: ApoE ε2 (ApoE2), ApoE ε3 (ApoE3), and ApoE ε4 (ApoE4). It is established that the three ApoE isoforms confer differential susceptibility to Alzheimer’s disease (AD); however, an in-depth molecular understanding of the underlying mechanisms is currently unavailable. In this study, we examined the cortical proteome differences among the three ApoE isoforms using 6-month-old female, human ApoE2, ApoE3, and ApoE4 gene-targeted replacement mice and two-dimensional proteomic analyses. The results reveal that the three ApoE brains differ primarily in two areas: cellular bioenergetics and synaptic transmission. Of particular significance, we show for the first time that the three ApoE brains differentially express a key component of the catalytic domain of the V-type H+-ATPase (Atp6v), a proton pump that mediates the concentration of neurotransmitters into synaptic vesicles and thus is crucial in synaptic transmission. Specifically, our data demonstrate that ApoE2 brain exhibits significantly higher levels of the B subunit of Atp6v (Atp6v1B2) when compared to both ApoE3 and ApoE4 brains, with ApoE4 brain exhibiting the lowest expression. Our additional analyses show that Atp6v1B2 is significantly impacted by aging and AD pathology and the data suggest that Atp6v1B2 deficiency could play a role in the progressive loss of synaptic integrity during early development of AD. Collectively, our findings indicate that human ApoE isoforms differentially modulate regulatory mechanisms of bioenergetic and synaptic function in female brain. A more efficient and robust status in both areas could serve as a potential mechanism contributing to the neuroprotective and cognition-favoring properties associated with the ApoE2 genotype.en_US
dc.publisherIOS Pressen_US
dc.rights© 2016 – IOS Press and the authors.en_US
dc.subjectAlzheimer’s diseaseen_US
dc.subjectCellular bioenergeticsen_US
dc.subjectSynaptic transmissionen_US
dc.subjectV-type H+-ATPaseen_US
dc.titleHuman ApoE ε2 promotes regulatory mechanisms of bioenergetic and synaptic function in female brain: a focus on V-type H+-ATPaseen_US
kusw.kuauthorWoody, Sarah K.
kusw.kuauthorZhou, Helen
kusw.kuauthorIbrahimi, Shaher
kusw.kuauthorDong, Yafeng
kusw.kuauthorZhao, Liqin
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, author accepted manuscripten_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US

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