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dc.contributor.authorHidaka, Brandon H.
dc.contributor.authorKerling, Elizabeth Helen
dc.contributor.authorThodosoff, Jocelynn M.
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Debra K.
dc.contributor.authorColombo, John
dc.contributor.authorCarlson, Susan E.
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-10T23:56:04Z
dc.date.available2017-09-10T23:56:04Z
dc.date.issued2016-11
dc.identifier.citationHidaka, B. H., Kerling, E. H., Thodosoff, J. M., Sullivan, D. K., Colombo, J., & Carlson, S. E. (2016). Dietary patterns of early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status in a unique prospective sample from a randomized controlled trial of Prenatal DHA Supplementation. BMC Pediatrics, 16, 191. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-016-0729-0en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1808/24937
dc.descriptionA grant from the One-University Open Access Fund at the University of Kansas was used to defray the author's publication fees in this Open Access journal. The Open Access Fund, administered by librarians from the KU, KU Law, and KUMC libraries, is made possible by contributions from the offices of KU Provost, KU Vice Chancellor for Research & Graduate Studies, and KUMC Vice Chancellor for Research. For more information about the Open Access Fund, please see http://library.kumc.edu/authors-fund.xml.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child’s growth and development. The aim of this study was to define the major dietary patterns in a cohort of young US children, construct a maternal SES index, and evaluate their associations.

Methods The diets of 190 children from a randomized, controlled trial of prenatal supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were recorded at 6-mo intervals from 2-4.5 years by 24-h dietary recall. Hierarchical cluster analysis of age-adjusted, average daily intake of 24 food and beverage groups was used to categorize diet. Unrotated factor analysis generated an SES score from maternal race, ethnicity, age, education, and neighborhood income.

Results We identified two major dietary patterns: “Prudent” and “Western.” The 85 (45%) children with a Prudent diet consumed more whole grains, fruit, yogurt and low-fat milk, green and non-starchy vegetables, and nuts and seeds. Conversely, those with a Western diet had greater intake of red meat, discretionary fat and condiments, sweet beverages, refined grains, French fries and potato chips, eggs, starchy vegetables, processed meats, chicken and seafood, and whole-fat milk. Compared to a Western diet, a Prudent diet was associated with one standard deviation higher maternal SES (95% CI: 0.80 to 1.30).

Conclusions We found two major dietary patterns of young US children and defined a single, continuous axis of maternal SES that differed strongly between groups. This is an important first step to investigate how child diet, SES, and prenatal DHA supplementation interact to influence health outcomes.

Trial registration NCT00266825. Prospectively registered on December 15, 2005

Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12887-016-0729-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
en_US
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s). 2016 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectDietary patternen_US
dc.subjectEmpirically deriveden_US
dc.subjectMultivariateen_US
dc.subjectEarly childhooden_US
dc.subjectSocioeconomic statusen_US
dc.titleDietary patterns of early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status in a unique prospective sample from a randomized controlled trial of Prenatal DHA Supplementationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
kusw.kuauthorHidaka, Brandon H.
kusw.kuauthorKerling, Elizabeth H.
kusw.kuauthorThodosoff, Jocelynn M.
kusw.kuauthorSullivan, Debra K.
kusw.kuauthorCarlson, Susan E.
kusw.kudepartmentDietetics and Nutritionen_US
kusw.kudepartmentPsychologyen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12887-016-0729-0en_US
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2378-3621
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher versionen_US
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.en_US
dc.identifier.pmid5123236en_US
dc.rights.accessrightsopenAccess


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© The Author(s). 2016 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and
reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to
the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver
(http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as: © The Author(s). 2016 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.