Distributed subglacial discharge drives signiﬁcant submarine melt at a Greenland tidewater glacier
Fried, Mason J.
Catania, Ginny A.
Bartholomaus, Timothy C.
Stearns, Leigh A.
Nash, Jonathan D.
Shroyer, Emily L.
Sutherland, David A.
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Scholarly/refereed, publisher version
©2015. American Geophysical Union, All Rights Reserved.
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Submarine melt can account for substantial mass loss at tidewater glacier termini. However, the processes controlling submarine melt are poorly understood due to limited observations of submarine termini. Here at a tidewater glacier in central West Greenland, we identify subglacial discharge outlets and infer submarine melt across the terminus using direct observations of the submarine terminus face. We find extensive melting associated with small discharge outlets. While the majority of discharge is routed to a single, large channel, outlets not fed by large tributaries drive submarine melt rates in excess of 3.0 m d−1 and account for 85% of total estimated melt across the terminus. Nearly the entire terminus is undercut, which may intersect surface crevasses and promote calving. Severe undercutting constricts buoyant outflow plumes and may amplify melt. The observed morphology and melt distribution motivate more realistic treatments of terminus shape and subglacial discharge in submarine melt models.
- Geology Scholarly Works 
Fried, M. J., G. A. Catania, T. C. Bartholomaus, D. Duncan, M. Davis, L. A. Stearns, J. Nash, E. Shroyer, and D. Sutherland (2015), Distributed subglacial discharge drives significant submarine melt at a Greenland tidewater glacier, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 9328–9336, doi:10.1002/2015GL065806.
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