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dc.contributor.authorGoode, Chris
dc.contributor.authorKeefer, Lucas Allen
dc.contributor.authorMolina, Ludwin E.
dc.identifier.citationGoode, Chris, Lucas A. Keefer, and Ludwin E. Molina. "A Compensatory Control Account of Meritocracy." Journal of Social and Political Psychology J. Soc. Polit. Psych. 2.1 (2014): 313-34.
dc.description.abstractWhy are people motivated to support social systems that claim to distribute resources based on hard work and effort, even when those systems seem unfair? Recent research on compensatory control shows that lowered perceptions of personal control motivate a greater endorsement of external systems (e.g., God, government) that compensate for a lack of personal control. The present studies demonstrate that U.S. citizens’ faith in a popular economic ideology, namely the belief that hard work guarantees success (i.e., meritocracy), similarly increases under conditions of decreased personal control. We found that a threat to personal control increased participants’ endorsement of meritocracy (Studies 1 and 2). Additionally, lowered perceptions of control led to increased feelings of anxiety regarding the future, but the subsequent endorsement of (Study 2) or exposure to (Study 3) meritocracy attenuated this effect. While the compensatory use of meritocracy may be a phenomenon unique to the United States of America, these studies provide important insight into the appeal and persistence of ideologies in general.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright 2014 PsychOpen under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
dc.subjectCompensatory controlen_US
dc.subjectSystem justificationen_US
dc.subjectSocial mobilityen_US
dc.titleA Compensatory Control Account of Meritocracyen_US
kusw.kuauthorMolina, Ludwin E.
kusw.oanotesPer SHERPA/RoMEO, 12/10/15: Author's Pre-print: green tick author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing) Author's Post-print: green tick author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) Publisher's Version/PDF: green tick author can archive publisher's version/PDF General Conditions:

On authors' personal website or public website Published source must be acknowledged Creative Commons Attribution License Must link to publisher version with DOI Publisher's version/PDF may be used
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher version
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.

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Copyright 2014 PsychOpen under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as: Copyright 2014 PsychOpen under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License