Vertical Fracture Detection by Exploiting the Polarization Properties of GPR Signal
Tsoflias, Georgios P.
Van Gestel, Jean-Paul
Stoffa, Paul L.
Blankenship, Donald D.
Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Scholarly/refereed, publisher version
MetadataShow full item record
Vertically oriented thin fractures are not always detected by conventional single‐polarization reflection profiling ground‐penetrating radar (GPR) techniques. We study the polarization properties of EM wavefields and suggest multipolarization acquisition surveying to detect the location and azimuth of vertically oriented fractures. We employ analytical solutions, 3D finite‐difference time‐domain modeling, and field measurements of multipolarization GPR data to investigate EM wave transmission through fractured geologic formations. For surface‐based multipolarization GPR measurements across vertical fractures, we observe a phase lead when the incident electric‐field component is oriented perpendicular to the plane of the fracture. This observation is consistent for nonmagnetic geologic environments and allows the determination of vertical fracture location and azimuth based on the presence of a phase difference and a phase lead relationship between varying polarization GPR data.
This is the publisher's version, also available electronically from "http://library.seg.org".
- Geology Scholarly Works 
Georgios P. Tsoflias, Jean‐Paul Van Gestel, Paul L. Stoffa, Donald D. Blankenship, and Mrinal Sen (2004). ”Vertical fracture detection by exploiting the polarization properties of ground‐penetrating radar signals.” Vertical fracture detection by exploiting the polarization properties of ground‐penetrating radar signals, 69(3), 803-810. http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1190/1.1759466
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