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dc.contributor.authorHall, Jean P.
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Kathleen C.
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Under the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act (PL 106-170), states may

extend Medicaid Buy-In coverage to a medically improved group. Improved group coverage allows adults

with disabilities to retain Medicaid coverage even once they lose disability status due to medical

improvement, as long as they retain the original medical impairment. The goal of this paper is to describe

who participated, the patterns of their participation, and employment outcomes.

Methods: The study population consists of all individuals (n=315) who participated in medically

improved group coverage 2002–2009 in the seven states with coverage by 2009 (Arizona, Connecticut,

Kansas, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia). Linked data from state Medicaid

Buy-In finder files and Social Security Administration Ticket Research and Master Earnings Files were

used to describe improved group participants and their patterns of enrollment.

Results: Although enrollment has been limited, with 255 participants in 2009, it has doubled annually on

average with little churning and drop-out. Participants’ earnings grew nearly 200 dollars per month after

two years, likely reflecting increased work hours and/or higher pay rates.

Conclusions: Improved group participants represent an unusually successful group of individuals with

disabilities, many of whom have recently moved off Social Security cash benefit rolls or who were diverted

from them. Specifics of insurance eligibility and coverage for improved group participants are uncertain

under the Affordable Care Act. The challenge remains to provide a pathway for adults with disabilities to

increase work and assets without loss of adequate health insurance.
dc.publisherCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Office of Information Products & Data Analyticsen_US
dc.subjectdisability, Medicaid, earnings, Affordable Care Acten_US
dc.titleThe Medicaid Medically Improved Group: Losing Disability Status and Growing Earningsen_US
kusw.kuauthorHall, Jean P.
kusw.kudepartmentInstitute for Health and Disability Policy Studiesen_US
kusw.oaversionScholarly/refereed, publisher version
kusw.oapolicyThis item meets KU Open Access policy criteria.

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