The Differential Devolution of Scotland and Wales: Historical Underpinnings and Contemporary European Context of Nationalistic Expression
University of Kansas
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This thesis examines the differential devolution of Wales and Scotland--how and why they are breaking away from England at different paces. Surveying accepted historical chronology, it considers crucial distinctions in the two nations' existence. After examining the history of nationalism in Britain and placing nationalism and national expression in a uniquely British context, the referenda of 1979 and 1997 are considered in detail with attention paid to their different outcomes and the respective implications of said outcomes. Finally, it briefly examines the strategies each has employed in the context of the European Union. After examination of all salient factors, it becomes clear that Scotland expresses a fully nationalist character, while Wales can be said at best to have aspirations to nationality. It is concluded that Scotland shall seek and probably attain functional independence in the next decade, while Whales will lag well behind despite nationalist politicians' best efforts.